How Do You Exfoliate Your Skin?
Exfoliating is not just a trend, but it plays an important role in our skin maintenance. It is the process that removes dead skin cells from the outer layers of the skin, which improves skin appearance.
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How do you exfoliate your skin? The skin exfoliation procedure will vary with the skin type. Four skin types exist, which are; normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, and combination.
Your type of skin will determine the skin exfoliation method. Read through this article and learn more.
What Is Skin Exfoliation?
Exfoliation means eliminating the dead skin cells in the outermost skin surface. Your skin itself exfoliates itself every 30 days to create a new room for new young cells.
However, some dead skin cells are too arrogant. They don’t completely shed. As a result, you will have dry and flaky skin.
Because some skin cells don’t shed, people resort to physical exfoliation. Physical exfoliation provides easy access to dead skin cells.
You can either do this on your own or visit a clinic that performs the process.
Regardless if you’re doing it on your own or skin doctor doing it for you, the proper procedure is essential.
A wrong move during physical skin exfoliation can severely damage your skin. This may result in transepidermal water loss.
And when this occurs, a humectant oil or serum will be used to lessen skin irritation and dryness.
Skin exfoliation encourages brighter skin, improves blood circulation, and allows better moisture and serum absorption.
The skin type you have and the type of exfoliation you are using will also determine how often you need to exfoliate. But oily skins are required to exfoliate more frequently.
I will tackle every detail you have yo know about the proper ways in exfoliating your skin.
Things You Will Need
- Exfoliating sponge
- Exfoliating brush
- Exfoliating scrub
- Exfoliating glove
The exfoliating sponge will be used to gently lather your skin with body wash or soap while taking a shower.
Do not buy a sponge that has a rough texture to it. An exfoliating brush is usually a bristled brush used to remove layers of dead skin cells on the face and body.
There are variants of en exfoliating brush; for dry brushing, and body wash or face cleanser.
Next, the exfoliating glove is the alternative exfoliating tool if you’re having difficulty with the brush. The gloves are even effective for larger body areas such as arms and legs.
Meanwhile, the exfoliating scrub is gently applied directly to the skin in a circular motion. For better results, use warm water after applying the scrub.
Let’s go to the chemical. When exfoliating your skin, Alpha-hydroxy acids or AHA are used.
Lactic, tartaric, glycolic, and citric acids are examples of AHAs. They break the bonds of dead skin cells that cause your skin to be dull, dry, and flaky.
AHA will allow your skin to shed naturally from its dead skin cells.
If your skin is prone to acne, dermatologists will use the other chemical, the Beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs).
Beta hydroxy and salicylic acids are great chemicals in dealing with acne problems. Salicylic acids are the most popular BHA to treat acne and reduce redness and inflammation.
The last choice of a chemical is the Retinoids. These are vitamin A medications, which are used to ease skin damage from the sun.
In addition to that, they also prevent the skin from aging too fast and treat acne. Retinoids shield your skin from free radicals and encourage collagen production.
Your skin type will determine the skin exfoliation procedure. There are four types of skin; normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, and combination.
Regardless of your skin types, mechanical exfoliation should be gently performed on your skin.
Using your fingertip, do a small and circular motion to apply a scrub, but you can also use your preferred exfoliating tool.
For some reason, most people use a brush. If you want to use one, make quick and mild strokes, and exfoliate for 30 minutes.
After 30 minutes of skin exfoliation, rinse off with warm more. Again, warm water – not hot, or you’ll irritate your skin.
Important note: Do not exfoliate if your skin is sunburned, wounded, or has an open wound. Apply moisturizer instead.
Normal Skin And Combination Skin
For those people who have normal skin or combination skin, you should use a versatile exfoliant.
Choose an exfoliant that is both mechanical and chemical. You should be able to remove dead skin cells with exfoliating tools and chemically dissolve dead skin cells.
For oilier areas, be more gentle when you scrub.
You should look for an exfoliant that can calm redness and inflammation while getting rid of dead skin cells.
If you have sensitive skin, using a subtle exfoliant to remove dirt at the same time is not harsh.
However, see to it that they are not made from plastic beads. Find a brand or exfoliant that has an invigorating orange extract. Apply it when you bath at least once a week.
For dry skin type, it is more important that you keep a regular exfoliation. However, do not use any mechanical exfoliation tools to avoid adding stress on your dry skin.
The process of mechanical exfoliation itself is drying. Thus it can only lead to microtears.
AHA and glycolic acid will help eliminate dead cells on the skin surface for people with dry skin. After exfoliation, use a moisturizer with SPF to prevent the skin from sun damage.
Manual exfoliation or brushing is used to deal with oily skins. People with oily skin have an extra layer of buildup on the surface that only manual exfoliation can remove. Softly use an exfoliator in a circular motion to achieve the best results.
Removing dead skin cells doesn’t stop at exfoliation. An aftercare routine must follow.
You can use a serum to ease and penetrate the skin after exfoliation. This will boost the skin with instant vitamins to help it glow even more.
If you need hydration, use a radiance boost as well. To restore the lost body oils, use a moisturizer of your choice.
Different skin types have different exfoliation methods. Identify your type of skin, and follow the tips above to exfoliate based on skin type.
On an important note, discontinue exfoliating once you notice your skin turning red, peeling, inflamed, and irritated.